Indian Film Songs in Hamsadhwani

Indian Film Songs in Hamsadhwani

Hamsadhvani (Sanskrit: हम्सध्वनि, Tamil: ஹம்ஸத்வனி) also known as Hansadhwani, is a rāga in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is an audava rāgam (or owdava rāga, meaning pentatonic scale). It is a janya rāga (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes).

Hamsadhvani is also extensively used in Hindustani music and said to be borrowed into it from Carnatic music. It was created by the Carnatic composer Ramaswami Dikshitar (1735-1817) and brought into Hindustani music by Ustad Aman Ali Khan of the Bhendibazaar gharana.

Structure and Lakshana

Hamsadhvani does not contain madhyamam or dhaivatam. It is a pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam in Carnatic music classification – audava meaning ‘of 5′). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:

ārohaṇa : S R2 G3 P N3 S
avarohaṇa : S N3 P G3 R2 S

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, panchamam and kakali nishadam.

Hamsadhvani may be considered to be a janya rāgam of Shankarabharanam, the 29th Melakarta rāgam, although it can also be considered to be derived from other melakarta rāgams, Sarasangi, Kalyani or Latangi, by dropping both madhyamam and dhaivatam. It is an elusive question as to whether Hamsadhvani is a janya of this or that melakarta. In Hindustani music it is associated with Bilaval thaat (equivalent of Shankarabharanam).

(Source: wikipedia)

Songs List

A short list of film songs that are predominantly in Hamsadhvani (click on the images below to view the songs):

Ja Tose Nahin Boloon, Parivar (Hindi)
Ja Tose Nahin Boloon (Hindi)
Film: Parivar
Language: Hindi
Singer(s): Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey
Music Director: Salil Chowdhury
Year: 1956
O Chaand Jahaan Who, Sharda (Hindi)
O Chaand Jahaan Woh (Hindi)
Film: Sharda
Language: Hindi
Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
Music Director: C.Ramchandra
Year: 1957
Karam Ki Gati Nyari, Meera Bhajan (Hindi)
Karam Ki Gati Nyari (Hindi)
Film: Meera Bhajan
Language: Hindi
Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
Music Director: Hridayanath Mangeshkar
Year: 1974
Ragangale Mohangale, Thaaraattu (Malayalam)
Ragangale Mohangale (Malayalam)
Film: Thaaraattu
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas, S.Janaki
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1981
Raavil Raaga Nilavil, Mazhanilaavu (Malayalam)
Raavil Raaga Nilavil (Malayalam)
Film: Mazhanilaavu
Language: Malayalam
Singer: S.Janaki
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1983
Manathaaril Ennum, Kaliyil Alpam Karyam (Malayalam)
Manathaaril Ennum (Malayalam)
Film: Kaliyil Alpam Karyam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1984
Naadangalay Nee Varoo, Ninnishtam Ennishtam (Malayalam)
Naadangalay Nee Varoo (Malayalam)
Film: Ninnishtam Ennishtam
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): P.Jayachandran, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: Kannur Rajan
Year: 1986
Hey Kurumbe, Geetham (Malayalam)
Hey Kurumbe (Malayalam)
Film: Geetham
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.S.Chitra
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1986
Aa Raagam Madhumayamaam, Kshanakathu (Malayalam)
Aa Raagam Madhumayamaam (Malayalam)
Film: Kshanakathu
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: S.Sharreth
Year: 1990
Sree Vinayakam, Bharatham (Malayalam)
Sree Vinayakam (Malayalam)
Film: Bharatham
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas, M.Raveendran
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1991
Mayamanchalil, Ottayal Pattalam (Malayalam)
Mayamanchalil (Malayalam)
Film: Ottayal Pattalam
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): G.Venugopal, Radhika Thilak
Music Director: S.Sharreth
Year: 1991
Sree Ranga Ranga, Mahanadi (Tamil)
Sree Ranga Ranga (Tamil)
Film: Mahanadi
Language: Tamil
Singer: S.P.Balasubramaniam
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1993
Pahi Paramporule, Vadakkumnathan (Malayalam)
Pahi Paramporule (Malayalam)
Film: Vadakkumnathan
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): Manjari, Sindhu Premkumar, M.Raveendran
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 2006
Mallike Mallike, Uthara Swayamvaram (Malayalam)
Mallike Mallike (Malayalam)
Film: Uthara Swayamvaram
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): Vijay Yesudas, Chinmayi
Music Director: M.Jayachandran
Year: 2009

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  • Subramanian

    valittuzhuthiya neelakadakannil - 
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLpSPE6VvFY

  • Kar v

    Thank you for giving such a fantastic collection of songs for educating people.

  • Mohammed Iqbal

    Are the following songs also based in Hamsanandhi?

    1. Raathiriyil Poothirukkum – Thanga Magan

    2. Putham Puthu Poo Poothatho – Thalapathi

    3. Kaalayum Neeye – Thaen Nilavu

    4. Paavana Guru Pavana Guru – Mella Thiranthathuh Kanavu

  • Iqbal

    1. Malargale – Kizhakke Pogum Rail
    2. Va Va Va Anbe Vaa – Velaikkaaran

    Madam, are these two songs also based on Hamsadhwani?

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