rAga mAlika, literally a garland of rAgas, is a very popular form of composition in Carnatic music. These are delightful compositions, where the various segments are set to different rAgas, with a smooth and melodious flow of music during the transition from one rAga to the next. The choice of rAgas, as well as the order in which they appear in a rAga mAlika, are based solely on aesthetic considerations. The main point is that a feeling of abruptness or a gap should be avoided when shifting between rAgas and the flow of music should be very smooth. Also, closely allied rAgas do not generally appear in the same composition. Ideally, consecutive rAgas should possess distinct melodic character.

In medieval period, this musical form was known as rAga kadambakam, kadamba being a garland of different flowers. rAga mAlikas have been employed not only in strict kriti formats, but they also appear in numerous other types of compositions, including Varnams, Swarajatis, Jatiswarams, Slokas, Viruttams, Tillanas and the concluding Mangalam pieces.

(source: carnatica.net)

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Listen to compositions in rAga mAlika rendered by Dhanya Subramanian on this site:

vandE mAtaram – Subramanya Bharathi

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Ellam Inba Mayam (Tamil)

Film: Manamagal
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): M.L.Vasanthakumari (Lalitha), P.Leela (Teacher)
Music Director: C.R.Subbaraman
Year: 1957
 

Ragas used: Simhendra Madhyamam, Mohanam, Hindolam, Darbar

Ezhu Swarangalukkul (Tamil)

Film: Apoorva Raagangal
Language: Tamil
Singer: Vani Jayaram
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1975
 

Ragas used: Pantuvarali, Ranjani, Sindhu Bhairavi, Kambhoji

Vasantha Ruthu Mana Mohaname (Tamil)

Film: Sivakavi
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): M.K.Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, S.Jayalakshmi
Composer: Papanasam Sivan
Music Director: G.Ramanathan
Year: 1943

Ragas used: Vasantha, Kuntala Varali, Yadukula Kambodhi, Surutti

Oru Naal Podhuma (Tamil)

Film: Thiruvilaiyaadal
Language: Tamil
Singer: M.Balamuralikrishna
Music Director: K.V.Mahadevan
Year: 1965
 

Ragas used: Mand, Thodi, Darbar, Mohanam, Kanada

Kelviyin Nayagane (Tamil)

Film: Apoorva Raagangal
Language: Tamil
Singer: Vani Jayaram
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1975
 

Ragas used: Darbari Kanada, Amrutha Varshini, Madhyamaavathi

Athisaya Raagam (Tamil)

Film: Apoorva Raagangal
Language: Tamil
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1975
 

Ragas used: Mahathi, Vasantha, Bhairavi

Sumuhoorthamey (Malayalam)

Film: Kamaladalam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1992

Ragas used: Hamsadwani, Abhogi, Saramathi, Panthuvarali, Madhyamavathi

Aanandha Natanam Aadinar (Malayalam)

Film: Kamaladalam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1992

Ragas used: Bilahari, Hindolam, Durbari Kanada, Sankarabharanam

Ayye Meththa Kadinam (Tamil)

Film: Nandanar
Language: Tamil
Singer: M.M.Dandapani Desikar
Composer: Papanasam Sivan
Music Director: G.Ramanathan
Year: 1942
 

Ragas used: Punnaga Varali, Nadha Naama Kriya, Brindavana Saranga, Senjuruti

Hayi Hayiga Aamani Saage (Telugu)

Film: Suvarna Sundari
Language: Telugu
Singer: Ghantasala, Jikki
Music Director: P.Adinarayana Rao
Year: 1957
 

Ragas used: Hamsanandhi (Sohini), Kaanada (Bahar), Jonpuri (Jivanpuri), Yaman Kalyani (Yaman)

Thesulavudhey Then Malaraale (Tamil)

Film: Manalane Mangaiyin Bhagyam
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): Ghantasala, P.Susheela
Music Director: P.Adinarayana Rao
Year: 1957
 

Ragas used: Hamsanandhi (Sohini), Kaanada (Bahar), Jonpuri (Jivanpuri), Yaman Kalyani (Yaman)

Kuhu Kuhu Bole Koyaliya (Hindi)

Film: Suvarna Sundari
Language: Hindi
Singer(s): Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi
Music Director: P.Adinarayana Rao
Year: 1958

Ragas used: Sohini, Bahar, Jivanpuri, Yaman

Veenai Kodiyudaiya Vendane (Tamil)

Film: Sampoorna Ramayanam
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): Tiruchi Loganathan, Chidambaram S. Jayaraman
Music Director: K.V.Mahadevan
Year: 1958

Ragas used: Mohanam, Ataana, Bhoopalam, Saranga, Vasantha, Nilambari, Dhanyasi, Gambhira Naattai, Shankarabharanam, Thodi, Kalyani, Kambodhi

Kaatile Pazhmulam (Malayalam)

Film: Vilakku Vangiya Veena
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: V.Dakshinamoorthy
Year: 1971
 

Ragas used: Kambhoji, Shanmukha Priya, Manolayam

Raagam Sree Raagam (Malayalam)

Film: Bandhanam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: S.Jayachandran
Music Director: M.B.Sreenivasan
Year: 1978

Ragas used: Sree Ragam, Hamsadhwani, Vasantha, Malayamarutham

Enna Samayalo (Tamil)

Film: Unnal Mudiyum Thambi
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): S.P.Balasubramanyam, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1988
 

Ragas used: Kalyani, Vasantha, Mohanam, Madhyamavathi

Deva Sabathalam (Malayalam)

Film: His Highness Abdullah
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas (Mohanlal), M.Raveendran (Kaithapram), Sujith (Nedumudi Venu)
Music Director: M.Raveendran
Year: 1990
 

Ragas used: Hindolam, Thodi, Panthuvarali, Abhogi, Mohanam, Kalyani, Chakravakam, Shankarabharanam, Revati

Aaruyire (Tamil)

Film: Ponmudi
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): G.Ramanathan, T.V.Ratnam
Music Director: G.Ramanathan
Year: 1950
 

Ragas used: Sahana, Kalyani, Desh

  • .Prof.R Lourduraj,chennai

    Just like knowing the tree from its fruits,lay people like me, who are laymen, get to catch some glimpses  of  the sheer beauty of our carnatic music through the outstanding  film songs.The humanity owes a great deal to our film music composers.Of course, i profusely thank you Dhanya

  • Hansa Kashyap

    good effort. Keep it up. want to know the ragas of “Aayarpadi maligaiyil”, and ” Sollasolla inikkudhada”. Please help.

  • VISVAMBER_RAO

    Well done.   Good work.  Very rare videos collection.  Thank you.

  • Rajeev ONV

    ezhu swarangalukkul- first stanza is poorvi kalyani and not panthuvarali. Also, in Athisayaragam, it is only Mahathi and Bhairavi.(There is no Vasantha)