Darbari Kanada, or simply Darbari, is a Hindustani raga in the Kanada family, which is thought to have originated in Carnatic music and brought into North Indian music by Miyan Tansen, the legendary 16th century composer in emperor Akbar’s court. This tradition is reflected in the name itself; Darbar is the Persian derived word in Hindi meaning “court.” As the most familiar raga in the Kanada family, it may sometimes also be called Shuddha Kanada or pure Kanada. It belongs to the Asavari thaat.

Darbari is a grave raga, played deep into the night, considered to be one of the more difficult to master, and with the potential for profound emotional impact. The ascension of aroha is in the lower and middle octaves. In the arohi the note Ga (gandhar) komal is used in a weak manner and a slow vibrato (andolan) on this note. The association of the notes Ni and Pa sounds pleasing. Its Vadi swar is Re and Samavadi is Pa.

Arohanam: S R (R)g, (R)g
Avarohanam: (M)g, (M)g M (S)R, S

For reference, the set of notes in the Asavari thaat is S R g M P d n, and for Darbari, the role of the komal gandhar is crucial.

(Source: wikipedia)


Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 8274
Kaatre En Vaasal (Tamil)

Movie: Rhythm
Language: Tamil
Singers: P.Unnikrishnan, Kavitha Krishnamurthy
Music Director: A.R.Rahman
Year: 2000

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 8368
Malare Mounama (Tamil)

Movie: Karnan
Language: Tamil
Singers: S.P.Balasubramaniam, S.Janaki
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 1995

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 8374
O Duniya Ke Rakhavale (Hindi)

Movie: Baiju Bawra
Language: Hindi
Singer: Mohammed Rafi
Music Director: Naushad
Year: 1952

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 8344
Kalyana Then Nila (Tamil)

Movie: Mounam Sammadham
Language: Tamil
Singers: K.J.Jesudas, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1989

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 8341
Ud Ja Bhanwar Maya Kamal Ka (Hindi)

Movie: Rani Roopmati
Language: Hindi
Singer: Manna Dey
Music Director: S.N.Tripati
Year: 1959

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 9281
Dekha Hai Pehli Baar (Hindi)

Movie: Saajan
Language: Hindi
Singers: S.P.Balasubramaniam, Alka Yagnik
Music Director: Laxmikant-Pyarelal
Year: 1991

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 9706
Satyam Shivam Sundaram (Hindi)

Movie: Satyam Shivam Sundaram
Language: Hindi
Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
Music Director: Laxmikant-Pyarelal
Year: 1978

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Tora Man Darpan Kahalaye (Hindi)

Movie: Kaajal
Language: Hindi
Singer: Asha Bhosle
Music Director: Ravi
Year: 1965

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Pag Ghungroo Bandh Meera (Hindi)

Movie: Namak Halal
Language: Hindi
Singer: Kishore Kumar
Music Director: Bappi Lahiri
Year: 1982

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Azhage Nin (Malayalam)

Movie: Amaram
Language: Malayalam
Singers: K.J.Yesudas, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: Raveendran
Year: 1991

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 9432
Ariyathe Ariyathe (Malayalam)

Movie: Raavanaprabhu
Language: Malayalam
Singers: K.J.Yesudas, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: Suresh Peters
Year: 2001

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Ore Manam (Tamil)

Movie: Villain
Language: Tamil
Singers: Hariharan, Chandana Bala
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 2003

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Nee Kaatru, Naan Maram (Tamil)

Movie: Nilaave Vaa
Language: Tamil
Singers: Hariharan
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 1998

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 9120
Sivatham Sivanamam (Malayalam)

Movie: Mazhavillu
Language: Malayalam
Singers: K.J.Yesudas, K.S.Chitra
Music Director: Mohan Sithara
Year: 1999

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Tu Pyar Ka Sagar Hai (Hindi)

Movie: Seema
Language: Hindi
Singer: Manna Dey + Chorus
Music Director: Shankar-Jaikishan
Year: 1955

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Siva Sankari (Telugu)

Movie: Jagadeka Veeruni Katha
Language: Telugu
Singer: Ghantasala
Music Director: Pendyala Nageshwara Rao
Year: 1961

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Jogi Aaya (Hindi)

Movie: Black n White
Language: Hindi
Singers: Sukhwinder Singh, Sadhana Sargam
Music Director: Sukhwinder Singh
Year: 2008

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Enai Konja Konja (Tamil)

Movie: Aadhi
Language: Tamil
Singers: Hariharan, Sujatha
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 2006

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Toote Huve Khwabon Ne (Hindi)

Movie: Madhumati
Language: Hindi
Singer: Mohammed Rafi
Music Director: Salil Choudhury
Year: 1958

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Agaya Vennilave (Tamil)

Movie: Arangetra Velai
Language: Tamil
Singers: K.J.Yesudas, Uma Ramanan
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1990

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Jhanak Jhanak Tori Baje Payeliya (Hindi)

Movie: Mere Huzur
Language: Hindi
Singer: Manna Dey
Music Director: Shankar-Jaikishan
Year: 1968

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Vasanthathil Oru Naal (Tamil)

Movie: Moondru Deivangal
Language: Tamil
Singer: P.Susheela
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1971

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Devan Ke Pati (Hindi, from Malayalam movie)

Movie: Swati Tirunal
Language: (Hindi, from Malayalam movie)
Singers: S.P.Balasubramaniam
Music Director: M.B.Sreenivasan
Year: 1987

Jun 20, 2010 - youtube.com - 9912
Tu Jo Nahin Hai (Hindi)

Movie: Wo Lamhe
Language: Hindi
Singer: Glenn John
Music Director: Pritam
Year: 2006

Jul 29, 2010 by Sneha Kochak - youtube.com - 8195
Tere Dar Pe Ayaa Hun, Kuchh Karke Jaunga

Movie: Laila Majnu
Language: Hindi
Singer: Mohd. Rafi
Music Director(s): Madan Mohan
Year: 1976

  • darbari is an style on indian music. thanks for making it remember.

  • Shriram

    “Ore manam ore gunam” from tamil movie “Villain” is also set in this raga. Composer- Vidyasagar

  • Minisantu

    Enjoyed the Darbari Kanada post…Here’s one more for your list..
    Devan Ke Pathi Indra…
    Movie: Swati Thirunal
    Singer: SPB
    Link : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFZ7u5GPrwI&p=65AB18B2F4F8F5B2&playnext=1&index=6

  • Thanks Minisantu. This song has been added to this list.

  • Thanks Shriram. This song has been added to this list.

  • Badri


    This is great. with accompanied video as well.

    How about Nee Kaatru Naan Maram…. Can’t say which movie it is from.



  • Ramachandran

    Marugo marugo song (Sung by Kamal, Chithra, Music -Mastero Ilayaraja, Movie – Sathi leelavathi) is also set in darbari kaanada


  • Aruna_49

    good research

  • Aruna_49

    good research … this film people seem to chose same ragas which become hit songs .. mostly carnatic base songs catch th lime light

  • good research … this film people seem to chose same ragas which become hit songs .. mostly carnatic base songs catch the lime light

  • unni krishnan

    doubtfully great work:::::::::::::::::::::
    but mam u forget to add an evergreen song from malayalam movie “nadhi” which is “aayiram padasarangal”…

    please add that too

  • Ibdian

    enaku pedita padall. is also in this raga

  • Devinilayangode

    Nee korinaal from 180 is also in this ragam right?

  • Sridhar Jeyaraj

    I never expected that I can get such a fantastic collection in the internet.  My blessings to you.

  • Prasanth


    I have one (if wrong someone pls correct me)

    Song: marudamalai maamaNiyE murugaiyaa
    Singer: Madhurai SOmasundharam
    music:  Kunnakkudi VaithyanAthan
    Lyrics:  Kavignar KaNNadhAsan
    Movie:  Dheivam – 1971

  • Subramanian

    Ponnill kilichu ninnu Chandrika vasantham – sallapam 1996

  • Swaminathan

    Another Darbari Kanada from MAdrasPattinam “I have also done raga based songs. For instance, Pookal Pookum is based on Darbari Kaanada….” from “http://www.videos.behindwoods.com/videos-q1-09/director-interview/g-v-prakash-kumar.html”

  • remember. old is always gold .. 

  • Harippoduval

    nee korinaal
    vaanam maaratha! – dhinam
    megam thuraatha!

  • Panditaradhya

    kindly let me know what  Kannada Film songs  are in raag garbari kanada?

  • Madraspaiyan

    Enai Konja Konja (Tamil)
    Movie: Aadhi
    Language: Tamil
    Singers: Hariharan, Sujatha
    Music Director: Vidyasagar
    Year: 2006Are you sure is this Dharbari Kanada?

  • SMS

    i really like this post ..
    as i can say OLD IS GOLD

  • Good information,its very interesting information,It’s presented very well.Thanks a lot for sharing.Keep blogging

  • MarmotMan

     Thanks 🙂

  • Varun
  • Varun
  • Madraspaiyan

     Good you have removed that song. As it is in Miyan ki Malhar / Amruthavarshini

  • G K Raveendrakumar

    what about kannada films?

  • Asvini

    Thankyou for this site. Are these songs in Darbari Kannada raga?



  • Sreeprakash Narayan

    Katre en (rhythm), malware mounama and naane varugiren (OK kanmani) are typical examples in tamil … In Malayalam aayiram paadasarangal, ponnil kulichu ninnu, dhwanitharanga tharalam, junile nilamazhayil, priyanu maathram njaan, manimuttathavanipanthal, shalabham vazhimaaruma, allimalarkaavil, idayaraga ramana dukham, aathmavin pusthakathalil, eeswarachinthayithonne, azhake nin etc are all in darbari I guess!!!