Sahaana (pronounced sahānā, Sanskrit: सहाना, Tamil: ஸஹானா) is a popular rāgam (musical scale) in Carnatic music. It is a janya rāgam (derived scale) associated with the 28th Melakarta rāgam Harikambhoji. It is not related to Shahana.

It is a Ubhaya Vakra sampoorna ragam. Vakra, means crooked. Ubhaya Vakra means that the notes in both ascent and descent follow a zig zag pattern. The notes in ascending and descending scale do not follow a strict progression, but are zig-zag. Hence the note phrases contain such vakra phrases, lending a unique beauty to this rāgam. Though it is a sampoorna rāgam (contains all 7 notes), the vakra scale means it is not considered a melakarta, as melakarta rāgams must have strictly ascending and descending scales. It is also classifed as a rakti raga (ie raga with high melodic content)

Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:

ārohaṇa: S R2 G3 M1 P M1 D2 N2 S
avarohaṇa: S N2 D2 P M1 G3 M1 R2 G3 R2 S

(Chathusruthi Rishabham, Antara Gandharam, Suddha Madhyamam, Chathusruthi Dhaivatham, Kaisiki Nishadham)
Its characteristic phrases are (R2 G3 M1 P), (P M1 D2 N2), (N2 S D2), (G3 M1 R2). Sahana has a distinct mood due to these phrases and characteristic gamakams and is rarely confused with other ragams.

(Source: wikipedia)


Indha Veenaikku Theriyathu (Tamil)

Film: Rayil Sneham
Language: Tamil
Singer: K.S.Chitra
Music Director: V.S.Narasimhan
Year: 1992

Anbe Sugama (Tamil)

Film: Parthale Paravasam
Language: Tamil
Singer: Sadhana Sargam, Srinivas
Music Director: A.R.Rahman
Year: 2001

Ennodenthinee Pinakkam (Malayalam)

Film: Kaliyaattam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: Bhavana Radhakrishnan
Music Director: Kaithapram Damodaran
Year: 1997

Chenthar Mizhi (Malayalam)

Film: Perumazhakkalam
Language: Malayalam
Singer: Madhu Balakrishnan, K.S.Chitra, Kalyani Menon
Music Director: M.Jayachandran
Year: 2004

Poonthena (Tamil)

Film: Eera Nilam
Language: Tamil
Singer: Chinmayee
Music Director: Sirpy
Year: 2003

Rukku Rukku Rukku (Tamil)

Film: Avvai Shanmughi
Language: Tamil
Singer: Kamal Hassan, Sujatha
Music Director: Deva
Year: 1996

Paarthen Sirithen (Tamil)

Film: Veera Abhimanyu
Language: Tamil
Singer: P.B.Srinivas, P.Susheela
Music Director: K.V.Mahadevan
Year: 1965

Engo Piranthavaram (Tamil)

Film: Bommai
Language: Tamil
Singer: P.Susheela
Music Director: S.Balachandar
Year: 1963

Note: This is actually a Raga Malika, starts with Sahana though.

Thiruvaranmula Krishna (Malayalam)

Film: Thulasi Theertham
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.S.Chitra
Lyrics: Chowalloor Krishnankutty
Music Director: TS. Radhakrishnan
Year: 2003

Naadha Nee Varumbol (Malayalam)

Film: Vaasthavam
Language: Malayalam
Singer(s): K.S.Chitra, Pradeep
Music Director: Alex Paul
Year: 2006

  • Meena_vbr

    Nice selection. You can add Yengo pirandavaram yengo valarndavaram to the list.

  • Thank you for the pointer. Engo Pirandavaram has been added to this list. However, it has been hard so far sourcing audio/video for this song online!

  • Ramachandran

    I guess the song ‘Muthal killi parthen’ from the movie sangamam is also based on sahana. But in charanam there is a reference of dwijavanthi too !!!!

    There is a nice malayalam song. Ennodenthinee pinakkam, composed by Raveendran. The movie is kaliyattam.
    There is one song in a private devotional album (sung by chithra) – ‘Thiruvaranmul krishna nin omal thirumugham’ which is based on sahana. One of the best renderings I have ever heard in sahana …

  • Thank you. The song from Kaliyattom has been added to this list.

  • Murali

    Kannamoochi Yenada (Kandukondein Kandukondein) has bits of Sahaana in it.

  • Subramanian

    thamarapoovil vazhum devi allo nee – Chandralekha

  • Arun Vaidyanath

    I was thinking till date that Anbe sugama is in Dwijavanthi! Since I dont know much about ragas, believed that for long..Thanks .

  • Arun Vaidyanath

    I was told that Anbe sugama is in Dwijavanthi! Since i dont know much about ragas, obviously had to believe. Thanks for updating..

  • Kalaiselvisoundappan

    long back i was searching for sahana raagam..finally got it..thank a lot..

  • Balaji