Indian Film Songs in kApi (Kāpi)

Indian Film Songs in kApi (Kāpi)

Kāpi (Sanskrit कापी, Tamil காபி) is a popular rāga in Carnatic music, the classical music of South India.

Kāpi is a janya rāgam with a meandering vakra scale. It is considered to be derived from the Kharaharapriya rāgam. Typically performed at slow and medium speeds, Kapi is capable of inducing moods of devotion, pathos and sadness in the listeners. Kāpi is different from the Hindustani raag and thaat Kafi.

Structure and Lakshana: Kāpi is an audava-vakra rāgam with an ascending pentatonic scale and a descending scale with seven notes, but not in a descending order. It uses two different nishāda swarās.


ārohaṇa : S R2 M1 P N3 S
avarohaṇa : S N2 D2 N2 P M1 G2 R2 S

The presence of two separate nishāda swarās (N2 and N3) lends a distinctive quality to Kāpi, along with the fact that it uses a set of vakra swarās (N2 D2 N2).

(Source: wikipedia)

Listen to compositions in Kāpi rendered by Dhanya Subramanian on this site:

Mee Valla Gunadosham – Tyagaraja
kArthikeyanai – Mayuram Viswanatha Sastri
Pazhani Ninra – Periyasaamy Thooran
kalaiyaatha kalviyum – Abhirami Andhaadhi Padhigam

Other Popular Compositions in Kāpi:
Jagadhoddhārana Adisidalu Yashoda – Purandaradasa
Kurai Ondrum Illai (in two charanam verses) – Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Enna thavam seydanai Yashoda – Papanasam Sivan

Indian Film Songs in kApi (Kāpi)

  1. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Hey Padal Onru (Tamil)

    Film: Priya
    Language: Tamil
    Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas, S.Janaki
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1978

  2. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Senthamizh Theyn Mozhiyaal (Tamil)

    Film: Maalaiyitta Mangai
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: T.R.Mahalingam
    Music Director: Viswanathan-Ramamurthy
    Year: 1958

  3. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Rajeeva Nayane Neeyurangu (Malayalam)

    Film: Chandrakantham
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: Jayachandran
    Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
    Year: 1974

  4. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Idhu Kuzhandhai Paadum Thalaatu (Tamil)

    Film: Oru Thalai Raagam
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: S.P.Balasubramaniam
    Music Director: T.Rajendar
    Year: 1980

  5. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Gokulathil Pasukkal Ellam (Tamil)

    Film: Krishna Ganam – Devotional
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
    Year: 1980

  6. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Aakasam Eynatitho (Telugu)

    Film: Nireekshana
    Language: Telugu
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1981

  7. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Swarna Mukhile (Malayalam)

    Film: Ithu Njangalude Katha
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: Johnson
    Year: 1982

  8. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Kanne Kalaimane (Tamil)

    Film: Moonram Pirai
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: K.J.Yesudas
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1982

  9. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Thumbi Vaa (Malayalam)

    Film: Olangal
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1982

  10. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Sangathil Paadatha Kavithai (Tamil)

    Film: Auto Raja
    Language: Tamil
    Singer(s): S.Janaki, I.Ilaiyaraja
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1982

  11. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Thanni Thotti (Tamil)

    Film: Sindhu Bhairavi
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: K.J.Yesudas
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1985

  12. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Chinna China Roja Poove (Tamil)

    Film: Poovizhi Vaasalile
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: K.J.Yesudas
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1987

  13. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Neer Veezchi Thee Moottuthe (Tamil)

    Film: Kanne Kalaimane
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1988

  14. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Kanneer Poovinte (Malayalam)

    Film: Kireedam
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: M.G.Sreekumar
    Music Director: Johnson
    Year: 1989

  15. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Chinna Thai Aval (Tamil)

    Film: Thalapathi
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: S.Janaki
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 1991

  16. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Kadhal Rojave (Tamil)

    Film: Roja
    Language: Tamil (initial humming in Desh Raga)
    Singer: S.P.Balasubramaniam
    Music Director: A.R.Rahman
    Year: 1992

  17. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Mounasaravoramake (Malayalam)

    Film: Savidham
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: K.S.Chitra
    Music Director: Johnson
    Year: 1992

  18. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Varamanjalaadiya (Malayalam)

    Film: Pranayavarnangal
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: K.S.Chitra
    Music Director: Vidyasagar
    Year: 1998

  19. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Aaro Viral Meeti (Malayalam)

    Film: Pranayavarnangal
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas, K.S.Chitra
    Music Director: Vidyasagar
    Year: 1998

  20. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Innale Ente Nenjile (Malayalam)

    Film: Balettan
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: K.J.Yesudas
    Music Director: M.Jayachandran
    Year: 2003

  21. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Aalankuyil Koovum Rayil (Tamil)

    Film: Parthiban Kanavu
    Language: Tamil
    Singer(s): Harini, Srikanth
    Music Director: Vidyasagar
    Year: 2003

  22. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Rhim Jhim Mazhaiye Mazhaiye (Tamil)

    Film: June R
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: Sujatha
    Music Director: S.Sharreth
    Year: 2005

  23. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Rhim Jhim Mazhaiye Mazhaiye (Tamil)

    Film: June R
    Language: Tamil
    Singer: Hariharan
    Music Director: S.Sharreth
    Year: 2005

  24. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Uruguthey Maruguthey (Tamil)

    Film: Veyil
    Language: Tamil
    Singer(s): Shankar Mahadevan, Shreya Ghoshal
    Music Director: G.V.Prakash Kumar
    Year: 2006

  25. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Thumbi Vaa

    Film: Ilaiyaraja – Live
    Language: Instrumental
    Singer(s): Instrumental
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 2006

  26. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Oduvil Oru, Thirakkatha (Malayalam)

    Film: Thirakkatha
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer: K.S.Chitra
    Music Director: S.Sharreth
    Year: 2008

  27. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Gumm Summ Gumm, Paa (Hindi)

    Film: Paa
    Language: Hindi
    Singer(s): Bhavatharini, Shravan et al.
    Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
    Year: 2009

  28. Indian Film Songs in kApi Ragam | Anuraga Vilochananayi (Malayalam)

    Film: Neelathamara
    Language: Malayalam
    Singer(s): Shreya Ghoshal, V.Sreekumar
    Music Director: Vidyasagar
    Year: 2009

  • Mithun Kamath

    I was looking for this page for a long time… I am gonna download all these songs.

  • http://rajamanjari.blogspot.com/ Rajendra Kumar

    Interesting list though some more songs like ‘Maalai soodum veLai'(Naan Mahaan Alla-1983), ‘Siriththaal Sirppen'(Maariyamman Thiruvizha-1977), ‘Sugamo Aayiram'(ThuNai iruppaL Meenakshi-1977) could have also been included. But please tell me how ‘Chinna ThaavaL’ can be classified under Kapi.As far as I know, it uses the swaras of Charukesi and the BGM uses vivadi swaras giving a flavour of Ragavardhini.

    Thanks,
    Raj

  • D Shanmughaprasad

    aar0 viral meetti is in the raga of Hamsanatham

  • Subramanian

    Karimizhi Kuruviye Kandilla – Meeshamadhavan
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gwK_96CJuU
    enna thapam saithanai – Kriti – Thilakkam
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLj7EDVDEFw

  • Shiburaj

    Kanneer Poovinte is based on Anandha bhairavi not Kapi

  • Test

    the song does not fit hamsanadam. the flute interlude to the song has S R2 M1 P and N3 notes. The song in the pallavi and anupallavi uses these notes along with D3 along with sparing use of M2 and G2.

    It probably can be classified as being in the melakartha scale of varunapriya with M2 as an anya swara.
    S R2 M1 P N3 S
    S N3 D3 P M2 G2 R2 S

  • Padma Bharathan

    yes chinna thaaaval is Charukesi raaga. which is correct? kapi or charukesi

  • Raj

    ‘Chinna thaaiavaL’ is based on Charukesi with a dose of vivadi swaras giving it a Ragavardhini flavour. Pl. read my write-up about the song though my intention here is surely not to promote my blog:

    http://rajamanjari.blogspot.in/2011/06/ilaiyaraaja-simple-and-esoteric.html

  • latha

    Yes. You are right. Not all the songs are based on Kaappi. “Kanneer Poovinte” is based on Anandha bhairavi. Hope she removes these songs to their appropriate places.

  • Rajalakshmi J

    There is an excellent song by the peerless TMS in the movie ” சமையல்காரன் ”
    in காபி ராகம் – ” நான் பாடிடும் கவிதையின் சந்தம்” .

    Similarly in the Tamil movie ” பட்டணத்தில் பூதம் ” KR.Vijaya (P.Susheela) sings a few lines in காபி ராகம் “தேனை மறந்திருக்கும்…” after which the hero Jaishankar brings her a cup of coffee .

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