Kāpi (Sanskrit कापी, Tamil காபி) is a popular rāga in Carnatic music, the classical music of South India.

Kāpi is a janya rāgam with a meandering vakra scale. It is considered to be derived from the Kharaharapriya rāgam. Typically performed at slow and medium speeds, Kapi is capable of inducing moods of devotion, pathos and sadness in the listeners. Kāpi is different from the Hindustani raag and thaat Kafi.

Structure and Lakshana: Kāpi is an audava-vakra rāgam with an ascending pentatonic scale and a descending scale with seven notes, but not in a descending order. It uses two different nishāda swarās.


ārohaṇa : S R2 M1 P N3 S
avarohaṇa : S N2 D2 N2 P M1 G2 R2 S

The presence of two separate nishāda swarās (N2 and N3) lends a distinctive quality to Kāpi, along with the fact that it uses a set of vakra swarās (N2 D2 N2).

(Source: wikipedia)

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Listen to compositions in Kāpi rendered by Dhanya Subramanian on this site:

Mee Valla Gunadosham – Tyagaraja
kArthikeyanai – Mayuram Viswanatha Sastri
Pazhani Ninra – Periyasaamy Thooran
kalaiyaatha kalviyum – Abhirami Andhaadhi Padhigam

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Other Popular Compositions in Kāpi:
Jagadhoddhārana Adisidalu Yashoda – Purandaradasa
Kurai Ondrum Illai (in two charanam verses) – Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Enna thavam seydanai Yashoda – Papanasam Sivan

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1

Varamanjalaadiya (Malayalam)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4019
Varamanjalaadiya (Malayalam)

Film: Pranayavarnangal
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.S.Chitra
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 1998

2

Kanne Kalaimane (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4095
Kanne Kalaimane (Tamil)

Film: Moonram Pirai
Language: Tamil
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1982

3

Aalankuyil Koovum Rayil (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4045
Aalankuyil Koovum Rayil (Tamil)

Film: Parthiban Kanavu
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): Harini, Srikanth
Music Director: Vidyasagar
Year: 2003

4

Thumbi Vaa

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4628
Thumbi Vaa

Film: Ilaiyaraja – Live
Language: Instrumental
Singer(s): Instrumental
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 2006

5

Hey Padal Onru (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3721
Hey Padal Onru (Tamil)

Film: Priya
Language: Tamil
Singer(s): K.J.Yesudas, S.Janaki
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1978

6

Idhu Kuzhandhai Paadum Thalaatu (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3298
Idhu Kuzhandhai Paadum Thalaatu (Tamil)

Film: Oru Thalai Raagam
Language: Tamil
Singer: S.P.Balasubramaniam
Music Director: T.Rajendar
Year: 1980

7

Aakasam Eynatitho (Telugu)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3731
Aakasam Eynatitho (Telugu)

Film: Nireekshana
Language: Telugu
Singer: S.Janaki
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1981

8

Thumbi Vaa (Malayalam)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4112
Thumbi Vaa (Malayalam)

Film: Olangal
Language: Malayalam
Singer: S.Janaki
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1982

9

Thanni Thotti (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3298
Thanni Thotti (Tamil)

Film: Sindhu Bhairavi
Language: Tamil
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1985

10

Chinna Thai Aval (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3851
Chinna Thai Aval (Tamil)

Film: Thalapathi
Language: Tamil
Singer: S.Janaki
Music Director: I.Ilaiyaraja
Year: 1991

11

Kadhal Rojave (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 3657
Kadhal Rojave (Tamil)

Film: Roja
Language: Tamil (initial humming in Desh Raga)
Singer: S.P.Balasubramaniam
Music Director: A.R.Rahman
Year: 1992

12

Innale Ente Nenjile (Malayalam)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4458
Innale Ente Nenjile (Malayalam)

Film: Balettan
Language: Malayalam
Singer: K.J.Yesudas
Music Director: M.Jayachandran
Year: 2003

13

Senthamizh Theyn Mozhiyaal (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4146
Senthamizh Theyn Mozhiyaal (Tamil)

Film: Maalaiyitta Mangai
Language: Tamil
Singer: T.R.Mahalingam
Music Director: Viswanathan-Ramamurthy
Year: 1958

14

Rajeeva Nayane Neeyurangu (Malayalam)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4086
Rajeeva Nayane Neeyurangu (Malayalam)

Film: Chandrakantham
Language: Malayalam
Singer: Jayachandran
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1974

15

Gokulathil Pasukkal Ellam (Tamil)

Jul 04, 2011 - youtube.com - 4484
Gokulathil Pasukkal Ellam (Tamil)

Film: Krishna Ganam – Devotional
Language: Tamil
Singer: S.Janaki
Music Director: M.S.Viswanathan
Year: 1980

  • Mithun Kamath

    I was looking for this page for a long time… I am gonna download all these songs.

  • Interesting list though some more songs like ‘Maalai soodum veLai'(Naan Mahaan Alla-1983), ‘Siriththaal Sirppen'(Maariyamman Thiruvizha-1977), ‘Sugamo Aayiram'(ThuNai iruppaL Meenakshi-1977) could have also been included. But please tell me how ‘Chinna ThaavaL’ can be classified under Kapi.As far as I know, it uses the swaras of Charukesi and the BGM uses vivadi swaras giving a flavour of Ragavardhini.

    Thanks,
    Raj

  • D Shanmughaprasad

    aar0 viral meetti is in the raga of Hamsanatham

  • Subramanian

    Karimizhi Kuruviye Kandilla – Meeshamadhavan
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gwK_96CJuU
    enna thapam saithanai – Kriti – Thilakkam
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLj7EDVDEFw

  • Shiburaj

    Kanneer Poovinte is based on Anandha bhairavi not Kapi

  • Test

    the song does not fit hamsanadam. the flute interlude to the song has S R2 M1 P and N3 notes. The song in the pallavi and anupallavi uses these notes along with D3 along with sparing use of M2 and G2.

    It probably can be classified as being in the melakartha scale of varunapriya with M2 as an anya swara.
    S R2 M1 P N3 S
    S N3 D3 P M2 G2 R2 S

  • Padma Bharathan

    yes chinna thaaaval is Charukesi raaga. which is correct? kapi or charukesi

  • Raj

    ‘Chinna thaaiavaL’ is based on Charukesi with a dose of vivadi swaras giving it a Ragavardhini flavour. Pl. read my write-up about the song though my intention here is surely not to promote my blog:

    http://rajamanjari.blogspot.in/2011/06/ilaiyaraaja-simple-and-esoteric.html

  • latha

    Yes. You are right. Not all the songs are based on Kaappi. “Kanneer Poovinte” is based on Anandha bhairavi. Hope she removes these songs to their appropriate places.

  • Rajalakshmi J

    There is an excellent song by the peerless TMS in the movie ” சமையல்காரன் ”
    in காபி ராகம் – ” நான் பாடிடும் கவிதையின் சந்தம்” .

    Similarly in the Tamil movie ” பட்டணத்தில் பூதம் ” KR.Vijaya (P.Susheela) sings a few lines in காபி ராகம் “தேனை மறந்திருக்கும்…” after which the hero Jaishankar brings her a cup of coffee .